Bariatric surgery and its differents procedures

Doctores Especialistas on March 19, 2024. Visit author social media
Not all bariatric surgeries are the same, and each type of procedure has its own characteristics, advantages and risks. All surgical procedures carry risks, and the decision to undergo bariatric surgery should be carefully evaluated by a multidisciplinary medical team that considers the medical history, body mass index and other individual patient factors. In addition, postoperative follow-up and lifestyle changes, including diet and exercise, are critical to achieving and maintaining successful long-term outcomes.
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Types of bariatric surgery
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-Gastric bypass (Roux-en-Y): This is one of the most common and established bariatric procedures. During gastric bypass, the surgeon creates a small pouch at the top of the stomach and connects this pouch directly to the small intestine, thus avoiding a large part of the stomach and duodenum. -Gastric sleeve: Also known as vertical gastrectomy, this surgery involves the removal of approximately 80% of the stomach, leaving a tube-shaped or "sleeve" portion. Although less invasive than gastric bypass, the gastric sleeve also reduces the capacity of the stomach and decreases the production of the hunger hormone. -Adjustable gastric band: In this procedure, an inflatable band is placed around the top of the stomach, creating a small bag above the band and the rest of the stomach below. The band can be adjusted by injecting saline into a subcutaneous port connected to the band, which allows controlling the opening between the two parts of the stomach.
Bariatric surgery may be an effective tool for the treatment of obesity and its associated conditions, but it is not without risks. It is important that patients carefully consider the advantages and disadvantages, discuss their options with a multidisciplinary medical team, make an appointment with a specialist and commit to follow postoperative recommendations to maximize benefits and minimize risks.
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Key words: Obesity, bariatric surgery, surgical procedures, treatments, gastric bypass
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