If a tumor appears inside the kidney, it has to be evaluated for detecting the
risk of this being malignant, depending on the size, location, and invasion, it
can be treated with radical nephrectomy (removing all the kidneys) or
nephron-sparing surgery (removing only the affected area. When there are no
distant metastases, it can become a curative surgery.
Mostly in young adults, when a solid tumor appears inside the testis, it needs
to be removed, because the probability of this being cancerous, is almost 100%.
Then it is evaluated and adjuvant treatment can be applied, to reduce the risk
of cancer reappearing.
The medical oncology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment plan of cancer;
chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.
The radiation oncology treat cancer using photons (high energy x-rays), with the
objective of shrink the tumor or keep it from coming back. There are two types
of radiation; external beam or internal radiation.